In recent years many school districts have had to restructure their arts curriculums to meet the growing emphasis on standards that is central to most school reform. This unique collection is meant to assist educators, policymakers, grantmakers and other stakeholders by focusing on the potential benefits of arts education for students and communities alike, and providing examples of creative ways school districts are handling their constraints.

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The Arts and Achievement in At-Risk Youth: Findings from Four Longitudinal Studies

February 28, 2012

This report examines the academic and civic behavior outcomes of teenagers and young adults who have engaged deeply with the arts in or out of school. In several small-group studies, children and teenagers who participated in arts education programs have shown more positive academic and social outcomes in comparison to students who did not participate in those programs. Such studies have proved essential to the current research literature on the types of instrumental benefits associated with an arts education.A standard weakness of the literature, however, has been a dearth of large-scale, longitudinal studies following the same populations over time, tracking the outcomes of students who received intensive arts exposure or arts learning compared with students who did not. This report is a partial attempt to fill this knowledge gap. The report's authors, James Catterall et al., use four large national databases to analyze the relationship between arts involvement and academic and social achievements.

Community Outcomes

Learning In the Visual Arts and the Worldviews of Young Children

December 1, 2007

This paper reports a research study into the effects of rich,sustained visual arts instruction on 103inner city 9-year-olds in two major US cities. We use the lenses of social learning theory, theories of motivation and self-efficacy, and recentresearch on artistic thinking to investigate the programs' effects on children's self-beliefs and creative thinking. The study enlisted a pre -- post measure,treatment-comparison group design along with structured observations of participant andcomparison group classrooms. The arts students made significant comparative gains on a selfefficacy scale and on an 'originality' subscale of a standard creativity test. These effects are attributed to children's engagement in art and to the social organization of instruction includingreinforcing peer and student -- adult relationships. Relationships between self-efficacy beliefs andtendencies to think originally are explored.

Student Outcomes

Chicago Arts Partnerships in Education Summary Evaluation

February 21, 2005

The purpose of this monograph is to highlight the development of CAPE and its effects through the multiple inquiry lenses trained on the program over its first six years. The story is one of development and learning by school communities, teachers, and artists as they became increasingly and more deeply involved in arts-integrated instruction. It is also a story of increasingly tangible and measurable effects on student learning as the program matured.

Program Models; Student Outcomes

Running Strong After All These Years: How A Five Year CAPE School Sustains and Continuously Improves into Year Eight, 2000

February 3, 2005

A central component of our evaluation and inquiry agenda for the Chicago Arts Partnershipsin Education (CAPE) during the school year 1999-2000 was a quest for understanding the reasons for the ability of programs to survive after the sponsor funding ceased. Why do some programs survive well beyond their original funding and support?This is an absolutely crucial question for the sponsors of most any program entering schools with goals of long term or permanent change. This question equally impacts foundations, government agencies, and individual philanthropists. Sponsors of funded programs in our schools generally have as their highest hope that their investments willspawn change, and not just expenditure of money.To seek information and suggested answersto the critical issue of sustainability,we interviewed parents, teachers, and administrators. We also surveyed key players and asked them to enumerate what they saw to be important longevity factors for their CAPE programs.We uncovered many things in this process. One component of our work that turned out remarkably well was interviews with key teachers involved in the CAPE programs that have lived in since CAPE's very start. Our team invited a teacher, perhaps the most experienced and thoughtful witness to the whole project, to compose a narrative account of the development of the program at her school. What resulted was a very lucid account of the complex processed of launching and institutionalizing a program ignited by an outside sponsor: the successes and pitfalls, the leaders and resisters. It is a compelling story about the long-term evolution of a school community and its central conversations.

Classroom Examples